Wheelchair Ramp Designs

Landing Weelchair Ramp Designs

Wheelchair ramp designs and plans incorporate two elements: the vertical height that needs to be addressed and the amount of horizontal space in front of the entrance into the home. The height and weight of the patient, and the strength of the caregiver will dictate the length of the ramp design needed. We can quickly provide you with the length and appropriate ramp slope with these three pieces of info on a phone call.

The physical characteristics of the home will determine if it needs to be a straight ramp or an ELL (90-degree turn) shaped ramp. This one has a 5‘ x 5‘ landing with a rail on two sides. A landing may also be needed in these wheelchair ramp specifications if the height is above 30 inches. Wheelchair ramp designs require five feet clearing in front of the ramp, in order to turn and maneuver the wheelchair or scooter on to or off of the ramp.

People often ask about the American Disabilities Act (ADA) and whether these ramps meet local building codes. .

The “slope” of a wheelchair ramp is a critical element that needs serious consideration. The ADA guidelines of 1-inch length for each 1 inch of height to overcome any issues. This becomes a 4.8 degree slope for a ramp. This recommendation is for a slope shallow enough for people in wheelchairs to manage the incline under their own power. This ramp slope is also recommended for elderly caregivers or caregivers pushing a heavy patient. A slope of 6 inches in length for every 1 inch of height is 9.6 degrees. This is feasible for normally fit adult caregivers to push a heavy occupant up a ramp. It is also recommended for powered wheelchairs and scooters. More than 10 degrees of the slope are not recommended for any situation. Naturally, the heights to overcome and the space available at home entryways place limits on ramp lengths. So, when adding the caregiver capabilities, the wheelchair ramp slope generally falls between 5 and 10 degrees. For example, a height of 16 inches (typically 2 steps) can have a ramp length between 8 and 16 foot long. This depends on the physical space available, the weight of the patient and the strength of the caregiver. ADA guidelines say that you should consider the weight of the patient and the strength of the caregiver to select the optimum ramp length. From all our wheelchair ramp designs, you should choose the longest ramp possible within the available space.

Wheelchair Ramp Designs and Plans

Click here for the different wheelchair ramp designs and plans. Based on your home entrance, you can also print a larger version of your preferred template below. This will help you develop the optimum wheelchair ramp plan for your home.


Garage Entry Straight Wheelchair Ramp Designs

Garage Entry Wheelchair Ramp Design

 

Exterior Entrance Straight Wheelchair Ramp Designs

Exterior Wheelchair Ramp Design

Sometimes the garage entry is not a possibility. This is due to excessive height, position of the doorway to the garage, or the doorway being too narrow. So the front door entry is the next obvious choice. But most front entries do not have a long, straight sidewalk in front of the steps or they have excessive height requirements. In this instance, the ramp design needs a 90-degree turn. So, the addition of a “landing” is required in order to accomplish this. Click on the wheelchair ramp specifications link above to read more about these wheelchair ramp designs.